Various functions along the path of digestion contribute to the production of gas and flatulence. A certain degree of gas or flatulence is normal. However, there are many factors which can contribute to excess gas and flatulence. Following simple diet and lifestyle changes can help to reduce gastrointestinal gas and relieve symptoms.
It is recommended that foods which contribute to gas production, such as legumes, milk and milk products, certain vegetables, root vegetables, certain fruits, wheat-based cereals and breads, fatty foods, and carbonated beverages be avoided.
It can also be helpful to eat slowly and avoid the following:
- smoking pipes, cigarettes, or cigars
- chewing gum or hard candy
- sipping through narrow straws or bottles
- deliberately swallowing air to force a belch